Types of Septic Tanks and How to Maintain Them

Septic tanks are very durable systems that can last for decades if they are properly maintained. Since they are such an essential part of any home that doesn’t have access to a municipal sewer system, maintenance should be taken very seriously. With regular inspections, regular pumping by a reputable septic service Lebanon PA, and precautions taken on a daily basis to ensure the longevity of your septic tank, maintenance of your tank can be easy and effortless. 

Pros and Cons of Materials Used to Make Septic Tanks

In general, most septic tanks, no matter what their material is, can be productive for your household if it is a high-quality tank made by a reputable company. Choosing one will generally come down to deciding which one is best for your personal needs. Here are pros and cons for different types of septic tanks.

Steel is one material that is used to make septic tanks. Although steel septic tanks are the most affordable, these tanks are the least durable and don’t last as long as septic tanks made of other materials. Steel septic tanks generally have a lifespan of 20 to 25 years, but the tank can begin to rust before this time frame is up. The lid on top of the septic tank can also rust, leading to accidents such as a person falling into the tank. Although a rusty lid is easy to replace, a rusty tank is not and can be expensive to replace. 

A concrete septic tank are usually more durable than a steel septic tank and can last up to 40 years. Problems can arise if a low-quality concrete was used to make the tank because lower quality concrete can cause the concrete tank to crack. This can cause backups that will clog your system. Many problems with concrete septic systems can’t be detected unless a manual inspection of the tank is done.

A fiberglass or plastic septic tank is the more durable than a concrete tank or a steel tank, but there are still things to be careful of with a plastic septic tank. While cracking and rusting won’t be a problem, these types of septic tanks are lighter, so they won’t withstand as much weight as other septic tanks. Although you should not drive vehicles or heavy machinery over any septic tank area, this is especially important with plastic or fiberglass septic tanks. Because of its light weight, a plastic or fiberglass septic tank can also shift in the ground if the soil gets wet enough. 

Septic Tank Daily Maintenance


No matter which type of septic tank you choose, you must take steps daily to keep your tank working properly. Make sure you do not put too much of harsh chemicals down your drain because this can kill the good bacteria in your septic system that breaks down waste. Space out water usage throughout the day so that your tank is over-flowed with water. Try to avoid putting non-compostable items down your drains because they won’t break down They will just settle to the bottom, increase the scum layer, and require more frequent pumping of your tank which will cost you more money during the life of your tank. Follow these tips, choose wisely when selecting a tank for your home, and your home’s septic system will perform smoothly and productively.